History of orsu local government

Local governmentauthority to determine and execute measures within a restricted area inside and smaller than a whole state. Some degree of local government characterizes every country in the world, although the degree is extremely significant. The variant, local self-government, is important for its emphasis upon the freedom of the locality to decide and act. There is more than a technical importance in the difference between the two terms, because they are related to the distinction sometimes drawn between deconcentration and decentralization.

Local government is often, but not necessarily, related to the former; local self-government to the latter. These distinctions are important, even if they are blurred. Deconcentration broadly means that, for the sake of convenience, some functions have been devolved from a central government to administration on the spot. Power is still administered through officials appointed by and responsible to the centre, and authority and discretion are vested in the centre.

On the other hand, decentralization represents local government in areas where the authority to decide has been devolved to a council of locally elected persons acting on their own discretion with officials they themselves freely appoint and discipline. The term local self-government has been traditionally used of local government in the United Kingdom and Germany. Often, again, the fairly pure organs of local self-government, such as the borough councils in the United Kingdom, are obliged to execute the purposes of the central government.

Primarily units of local self-government, they are simultaneously units of local obligation acting as ordered by the central government for services such as education and policing. Thus, modern local government has a twofold aspect—it is a mixture of both deconcentration and decentralization, of central convenience and an acknowledgment that not all authority ought to be exerted by the centre.

The mixture is revealed by the extent to which some of the powers exercised by local government units are exercised compulsorily and under fairly strict control by central authority with financial assistance, while others are not. This mixture produces the high complexity of modern local government.

In local government, territorial distribution of power is the essence. The history of local government in Western Europe, Great Britain, the United States, and Russia exhibits the growing awareness of its significance. This awareness is a product of a development of parochial and town life which began long before the modern state emerged between the 15th and 17th centuries.

Any central control over these and other areas was, until the 18th century, rather scanty. Notable exceptions were France under Jean-Baptiste Colbert or 17th-century Prussia, where local authorities were already overlaid by the heavy hand of the central intendants in the former and the war commissariat in the latter.

Many Germanic states, such as the Hanse towns, were nothing but cities.Each part of the United Kingdom has a distinct system of local government. For a full account of local government in each part of the United Kingdom, see the discussions of local government in the articles on EnglandWalesScotlandand Northern Ireland.

Local governments have very few legislative powers and must act within the framework of laws passed by the central Parliament and by the Scottish Parliament in Scotland. Nevertheless, they do have the power to enact regulations and to levy council taxes property taxes within limits set by the central government. They are funded by the council taxes that they levy, by business rates taxes levied on nonresidential properties, such as stores, offices, factories, and warehousesby fees for services, and by grants from the central government.

Local governments in the United Kingdom are responsible for a range of community services, including environmental matters, education, highways and traffic, social services, firefighting, sanitation, planning, housing, parks and recreation, and elections. In Scotland and Wales regional governments handle some of these functions, and local governments handle the remainder.

The responsibilities of local governments in Northern Ireland are limited to environmental matters, sanitation, and recreation. Parts of the United Kingdom have as many as three levels, or tiers, of local government, each with its own responsibilities, whereas other areas have only a single tier or two tiers. Throughout England, parish and town councils form the lowest tier of local government.

Parishes are civil subdivisions, usually centred on a village or small town, that are distinct from church bodies.

history of orsu local government

Community councils perform a similar role in Waleswhereas community councils in Scotland are voluntary and consultative bodies with few statutory powers. This lowest level of local government has no counterpart in Northern Ireland.

The next tier of local government is usually known in England and Northern Ireland as a district, borough, or city. In Northern Ireland this is the only level of local government.

In Scotland and Wales this second tier is the only one with broad powers over major local government functions. In Wales these local government areas are known as either counties or county boroughs, while in Scotland they are variously known as council areas or local government authorities or, in some cases, cities.

In some areas of England this second tier of local government is the only one with broad statutory and administrative powers. These areas are known in England as unitary authorities since they form a single tier of local government above the parishes and towns or metropolitan boroughs which are functionally equivalent to unitary authorities but form part of a larger metropolitan county. In other areas of England, districts, boroughs, and cities form an intermediate tier of local government between the towns and parishes on the one hand and administrative counties on the other.

The Rise of Local Government

Administrative counties, which cover much of England, are the highest tier of local government where they exist. In Greater London, boroughs form the lowest tier of local government and are responsible for most local government functions. However, in a new Greater London Authority GLA was established with very limited revenue-gathering powers but with responsibility for public transport, policing, emergency services, the environmentand planning in Greater London as a whole.

The GLA consists of a directly elected mayor a constitutional innovation for the United Kingdom, which had never previously filled any executive post by direct election and a member assembly elected by proportional representation.

Whereas the administrative counties of England and the counties and county boroughs of Wales have statutory and administrative powers, there are other areas throughout the United Kingdom that are called counties but lack administrative power.

In England, metropolitan counties cover metropolitan areas; they serve as geographic and statistical units, but since their administrative powers have belonged to their constituent metropolitan boroughs. Moreover, in England there is a unit known variously as a ceremonial county or a geographic county.

These counties also form geographic and statistical units.Brief History of Imo State. Hitherto, the area known as Imo State was part of the defunct East Central State which was one of the twelve states initially created by the Federal Military Government General Yakubu Gowon's regime in The new Imo State is divided into twentyseven local governments areas LGAsand three senatorial zones. Situated in south eastern Nigeria, Imo State covers an area of 5, square kilometres.

The inhabitants of Imo State are Igbo. The official language of the state is Igbo alongside English. Imo State has a rich cultural heritage. This is manifested in dressing, music, dance, festivals, arts and crafts. Imo State has many rivers. The main rivers in the state are Imo, Otamiri and Njaba.

The major lakes are in Oguta and Abadaba in Obowu local government area. The main streams draining the state are Imo, Otamiri, Njaba and Orasi rivers, all of which have very few tributaries. With the exception of Imo River, which runs through the area underlain by the Imo Shales, other rivers rise within the coastal plain sands.

Generally, river valleys constitute the major physical features, which are often marshy. The vegetation is tropical rain forest. The state is culturally homogeneous as it is a predominantly Igbo speaking state with minor differences in dialects. Imo State has a very rich cultural heritage and this is manifested in dressing, music, dance, festivals, arts and crafts, and the traditional hospitality of the people.

Imo State indigenes are predominantly Christians of different denominations, but mostly Catholicism. Some people in the state still practice traditional religions. The lake is of immense value to the people of Oguta, Orsu, Nkwesi and Awo. In the colonial era, the Oguta Lake was a port for the evacuation of palm products and the relics of the jetties used by the United African Company U.

During the civil war, the Oguta Lake was a marine base for the Biafran Navy.

history of orsu local government

Visitors can take a cruise on the lake or play a round of golf on the hole course on the bank of the lake. The Orashi River has its source in Imo State. Otamiri River and its 9. Nigeria: Good People, Great Nation.Abia State was carved out of Imo State in the state creation exercise of It has Owerri as it capital and largest city. Situated in south eastern Nigeria, Imo State covers an area of 5, square kilometres.

The inhabitants of Imo State are Igbo. The official language of the state is Igbo alongside English. Imo State has a rich cultural heritage. This is manifested in dressing, music, dance, festivals, arts and crafts.

Brief History of Imo State

Imo State has many rivers. The main rivers in the state are Imo, Otamiri and Njaba. The major lakes are in Oguta and Abadaba in Obowu local government area. The main streams draining the state are Imo, Otamiri, Njaba and Orasi rivers, all of which have very few tributaries. With the exception of Imo River, which runs through the area underlain by the Imo Shales, other rivers rise within the coastal plain sands.

Generally, river valleys constitute the major physical features, which are often marshy. The vegetation is tropical rain forest. Imo State indigenes are predominantly Christians of different denominations, but mostly Catholicism. Some people in the state still practice traditional religions. These include crude oil, lead, zinc, white clay, fine sand, limestone and natural gas in commercial quantities.

The state also produces agricultural produce such as palm produce, cocoa and rubber. The main staple crops are yam, cassava, cocoyam and maize. Learned professionals, entrepreneurs and seasoned artists also abound in the state. Works of art produced in the state include: carved doors, walking sticks of different designs, sculptures, flutes, wooden mortars and pestles, gongs, and the famous talking drums. Metal works and various types of fabrications are locally produced.

Industries in the private sector include Sab Spare Parts and Allied Accessories, Okigwe, which make motor-spare parts, Oma Pharmaceutical, Awomoma, which produces drugs and medicines, Magil Industries Atta, which makes steel, sponge, bread, polythene and paper. Economic trees like the iroko, mahogany, obeche, gmelina, bamboo, rubber palm and oil palm are in abundance.

Each community has different festivals celebrated in honor of ancient deities or to mark an important event in the history of the area. There are different festivals to usher in the harvest season, the most popular being the Ahiajoku Festival, which is observed in all the farming communities. Abadaba Lake 3. The Source of Urashi River 4. The Amadioha Shrine 5.

The Blue Obana Lake 7.

history of orsu local government

Ekwe and Ebenator Spring 8. Iyi Ogidi Spring 9. Iyi Mgbede Spring Hitherto, the area known as tmo State was part of the defunct East Central State which was one of the twelve states initially created by the Federal Military Government General Yakubu Gowon's regime in The new Imo State is divided into twentyseven local governments areas LGAsand three senatorial zones.

Administrative Structure: Like other states of the federation, the administrative structure of the state is threetiered state, local and autonomous community levels.Imo state was created on February 3, out of the former East Central state. The state is rich in crude oil, natural gas and fertile, arable agricultural land.

Imo State came into existence in along with other new states created under the leadership of the late military ruler of Nigeria, Muritala Muhammad, having been previously part of East-Central State.

The state is named after the Imo River. Part of it was split off in as Abia State, and another part became Ebonyi State. The Orashi River has its source in this state and the state was created at Ngwoma. Imo State is divided into twenty seven local governments areas LGAsand three senatorial zones. Each local government area is headed by a chairman who leads the executive arm which also has the deputy chairman and supervisory councillors.

The legislative arm of the Local Government area is made up of elected councillors from each ward in the local government area. The state also produces agricultural produce such as palm produce, cocoa and rubber.

The main staple crops are yam, cassava, cocoyam and maize. The State is blessed with abundant natural resources. These include crude oil, lead, zinc, white clay, fine sand, limestone and natural gas in commercial quantities. The Orashi River has its source in Imo State. Federal Polytechnic Nekede www. Federal University of Technology, Owerri www. Other Schools Include. Find In. Recent Searches:. Imo State, Nigeria.

Local Government Areas. Business Opportunities. Useful Resources. Date Created. February 3, Population Rank.The state is named after the Imo River. Part of it was split off in as Abia State, and another part became Ebonyi State. The local language is Igbo and Christianity is the predominant religion. Imo state was created at Ngwoma. However with a high population density and over farming the soil has been degraded and much of the native vegetation has disappeared.

This deforestation has triggered soil erosion which is compounded by heavy seasonal rainfall that has led to the destruction of houses and roads. The dry season experinces two months of Harmattan from late December to late February. The hottest months are between January and March. The state has a three tier administrative structure: State, Local and Autonomous community levels. The three arms at state level are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary.

The executive arm is headed by an elected Governor who is assisted by a deputy governor, commissioners and executive advisers. The remainder of the house is made up of elected legislators and is the lawmaking body of the state.

The judiciary is made up of the high court of justice and customary court of appeal and is headed by the Chief Judge of the state. The estimated population is 4. There are several institutions of higher education with some being run by the state government and others by the federal government. See our Photo Galleries. Updated 7 Years ago. Okun People. History of Ohafia People and Culture. Nigeria Overview, History and Summary Information. Ease of Access: Login Sign Up.

Nickname s : Eastern Heartland. Location of Imo State in Nigeria. Population census [ 1 ]. Government The state has a three tier administrative structure: State, Local and Autonomous community levels.

Demographics The estimated population is 4. Education There are several institutions of higher education with some being run by the state government and others by the federal government.

Ijoma - The youngest U.Please enable JavaScript in your web browser; otherwise some parts of this site might not work properly. The history of the United States is vast and complex, but can be broken down into moments and time periods that divided, unified, and changed the United States into the country it is today:. The Library of Congress has compiled a list of historic events for each day of the year, titled "This Day in History.

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The Constitutional Convention adopted the Constitution on September 17, The Bill of Rights is the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. It guarantees greater constitutional protection for individual liberties and lists specific prohibitions on government power. There are 27 Constitutional Amendments in all.

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Full List of Local Government Areas in Nigeria

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History of Imo state

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