Navy aircraft squadrons

Navy operated aircraft prior to World War I, but it did not organize them in squadrons until after that war. To be more accurate: there are hundreds of former U. Navy aircraft squadrons which have been disestablished and no longer exist [1] and there are approximately 40 or so U.

Navy aircraft squadrons which have been deactivated [2] and which currently exist only "on paper" in an inactive status. It has never been correct to refer to U. Navy aircraft squadrons as being "commissioned" and "decommissioned", ships are commissioned and decommissioned, U. Navy aircraft squadrons are not. Tracking the history and lineage of U. Prior to that instruction; when dealing with a squadron's lineage, the only correct terms to use were "establishment," "disestablishment" and "re-designation.

Once a squadron had been disestablished or re-designated its former designation was then available to be used again for a newly established or re-designating squadron, just as the name of a decommissioned ship such as USS Enterprise for example, was available to be used for a new ship. A newly established or re-designated squadron bearing the same designation as a previous squadron could carry on the traditions, nickname and or the insignia of the previous squadron, but it could not lay claim to the history or lineage of that previous squadron any more than a newly commissioned USS Enterprise could lay claim to the history of a former ship of that name.

A squadron could however undergo numerous re-designations during the period between its establishment and disestablishment with no impact on its lineage. Throughout the history of Naval Aviation many US Navy aircraft squadrons have been re-designated, meaning their designation example: VF-1 has been changed. Many squadrons have been re-designated numerous times. The current VFA for example has undergone 15 re-designations between its establishment in Septemberand the present day.

The basic designation VF could have remained the same and only the number changed VF re-designated to VF or the entire designation could have changed HS-3 re-designated to HSC-9in either case the re-designation of a squadron had no impact on its history or lineage.

navy aircraft squadrons

Re-designation does not mark the end of a squadron. On 15 Februarythe squadron was re-designated to VF When that happened VF did not disestablish and VF establish, the squadron simply changed its designation and that same squadron continued to exist under that new designation.

On 4 Mayit was again re-designated, this time to VA, meaning that it had transitioned from being a fighter squadron to being an attack squadron. Again, the squadron did not disestablish, it continued its existence under its new designation of VA On 21 Marchthe squadron was finally disestablished.Aircraft of the U.

Navy and U. Marine Corps have carried distinguishing markings almost from the beginning of naval aviation. The earliest being the aircraft building number, preceded by a block letter A, painted on a vertical surface, usually the rudder. Before the United States entered into World War I, naval aircraft were identified by an anchor design on the vertical tail surface, the use of which continued to the time a National Aircraft Insignia was adopted.

A National Aircraft Insignia consisting of a red disk within a five-pointed white star on a circular blue field, and red, white and blue vertical stripes on the rudder, of the shades specified for the American flag, was adopted. One of these star designs was to be placed near each wing tip on the upper surface of the top wing and lower surface of the bottom wings. The blue stripe on the rudder was nearest the rudder hinge.

Navy Aviation Ordnanceman – AO

This design was ordered to be placed on all U. To avoid confusion with enemy markings and to conform more closely with designs used by our allies after our entry into the war, the star design was replaced early in with concentric circles of red and blue around a white center.

The order of the rudder stripes was reversed placing the red forward nearest the rudder hinge. This design was required on all U. However, not all aircraft at home made the change.

This remained in use briefly after World War I, but the earlier star design and rudder markings were soon readopted. The change on naval aircraft was directed on August 19,to be effective on all aircraft not later than January 1, A frequently seen error in this design is the red center being made too large.

The circumference of the center circle should be tangent with the sides of the pentagon formed in making the star. The practice of displaying the aircraft serial number in large figures on the side of the fuselage, which began during the war, continued for several years. Sincenumerous additions and changes have been made in aircraft markings which over the years built up an awesome array of variety and detail.

Some of the more significant, or possibly more apparent, changes effecting heavier-than-air aircraft of the operating forces since that date were directed as follow. July 12, Instructions requiring that the aircraft building letter and number be placed, in 12 inch Display of building letter and number in large figures on the sides of the fuselage ended as markings to identify the unit operating the aircraft were ordered placed in that space.

With the formation of the Bureau of Aeronautics, this number became known as the Bureau Number.This is a list of United States Navy aircraft squadrons. Deactivated or disestablished squadrons are listed in the List of Inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons.

Navy aircraft squadrons are typically composed of several aircraft from as few as two to as many as several dozenthe officers who fly them and the men and women that maintain them. Most squadrons also have a number of other administrative support personnel. Some of the activities listed are not technically "squadrons", but they all operate U.

Navy aircraft in some capacity. Active duty squadrons are typically commanded by a Commander. The XO typically assumes command of the squadron after approximately 15 months. Within the departments are Divisions each typically headed by a Lieutenant and Branches headed by a Lieutenant, junior grade or a Chief Petty Officer. Reserve squadrons are also commanded by a Commander, with another Commander as the XO who will also assume command after approximately 15 months.

However, reserve squadron demographics are typically older and more senior in rank than their active duty squadron counterparts. Department Heads in reserve squadrons are typically senior Lieutenant Commanders, although some may be recently promoted Commanders.

Where this difference in maturity level becomes more apparent is at the Division Officer level. Since most officers in reserve squadrons previously served on active duty in the Regular Navy in a flying status for eight to ten or more years, they are typically already Lieutenant Commanders, or achieve that rank shortly after transferring to the Navy Reserve.

As a result, Lieutenants are a minority and Lieutenants, junior grade, practically non-existent in reserve squadrons. Navy aircraft are classified by Type rotary wing, fixed wingModel e. SHand Series e.

List of inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons

Squadrons can be categorized in a number of ways: Active versus Navy Reserve, land-based versus sea-based, fixed wing versus rotary wing helicopter vs Unmanned aerial vehicle UAVand by mission. An exception to this is that US Navy destroyers and submarines are administratively grouped by "squadrons". Active squadrons are those in the regular US Navy. Reserve squadrons are in the US Navy Reserve and are manned by a combination of full-time and part-time reservists. For the most part, there is no way to know by the squadron's name alone whether it is an active or reserve squadron.

There are Reserve elements of many Active squadrons, and active duty personnel serving in many Reserve squadrons. In general, reserve squadrons share the same missions as their active counterparts, although there are Reserve missions e.

At any one time, the US Navy has approximately aircraft that are associated with particular ships.

navy aircraft squadrons

Navy aircraft squadrons can be properly referred to by three different names. The names can give an indication of the squadron's mission and type of aircraft. Most Navy fixed wing squadron informal names start with the letter "V".

The primary mission of the Growler is Electronic Attack EAalso known as Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses SEAD in support of strike aircraft and ground troops by interrupting enemy electronic activity and obtaining tactical electronic intelligence within the combat area. Most VAQ squadrons are carrier based, however a number are "expeditionary", deploying to overseas land bases. EAG Growler.

Each Carrier Airborne Early Warning squadron usually consists of four E-2C HawkeyesThe Hawkeye's primary mission is to provide all-weather airborne early warning, airborne battle management and command and control C2 functions for the Carrier Strike Group and Joint Force Commander.

Additional missions include surface surveillance coordination, air interdictionoffensive and defensive counter air control, close air support coordination, time critical strike coordination, search and rescue airborne coordination and communications relay. The E-2 Hawkeye and C-2 Greyhound are built on the same airframe and have many similar characteristics.

For this reason, both aircraft are trained for in the same Fleet Replacement Squadron. USN Fact File. United States Navy.This is a list of active United States Navy aircraft squadrons. Deactivated or disestablished squadrons are listed in the List of Inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons. Navy aircraft squadrons are composed of several aircraft from as few as about four to as many as about a dozenthe officers who fly them, the officers and sailors who maintain them and administrative support officers and sailors.

Some of the units listed in this article are not technically "squadrons", but they all operate U. Navy aircraft in some capacity. Active duty squadrons are typically Time commanded by a commander. Second in command is the executive officer XOalso a commander. The XO typically assumes command of the squadron after approximately 15 months. Within the departments are divisions each typically headed by a lieutenant and branches headed by a lieutenant, junior grade or a chief petty officer.

Reserve squadrons are also commanded by a commander, with another commander as the XO who will also assume command after approximately 15 months. However, reserve squadron demographics are typically older and more senior in rank than their active duty squadron counterparts. Department heads in reserve squadrons are typically senior lieutenant commanders, although some may be recently promoted commanders.

Where this difference in maturity level becomes more apparent is at the division officer level. Since most officers in reserve squadrons previously served on active duty in the Regular Navy in a flying status for eight to ten or more years, they are typically already lieutenant commanders, or achieve that rank shortly after transferring to the Navy Reserve.

As a result, lieutenants are a minority and lieutenants, junior grade, practically non-existent in reserve squadrons. As a result, divisions are typically headed by lieutenant commanders and branches by lieutenants, senior chief petty officers or chief petty officers.

List of United States Navy aircraft squadrons

Squadrons can be categorized in a number of ways: Active versus Navy Reserve, land-based versus sea-based, fixed wing versus rotary wing helicopter versus Unmanned aerial vehicle UAVand by mission. In the US Navy a squadron is a unit of aircraft, ships, submarines or boats.

This article concerns US Navy aircraft squadrons. Active squadrons are those in the regular US Navy. Reserve squadrons are in the US Navy Reserve and are manned by a combination of full-time and part-time reservists. For the most part, there is no way to know by the squadron's name alone whether it is an active or reserve squadron. There are Reserve elements of many Active squadrons, and active duty personnel serving in many Reserve squadrons.This is a list of all of the active squadrons that currently exist in the United States Marine Corpssorted by type.

Most squadrons have changed names and designations many times over the years, so they are listed by their current designation. The basic tactical and administrative unit of United States Marine Corps aviation is the squadron.

Fixed-wing aircraft squadrons heavier than air and tiltrotor squadrons are denoted by the letter "V", which comes from the Spanish verb "volar" to fly. Rotary wing helicopter squadrons use "H. From toMarine flying squadrons were identified by one digit numbers.

This changed on July 1, when all existing squadrons were redesignated to a three-digit system. The first two numbers were supposed to identify the squadrons parent group but with the rapid expansion during World War II and frequent transfer of squadrons this system fell apart. These were due to be replaced by the VH Kestrel[3] however that program was cancelled in April Most of the squadrons have transitioned to the larger and more powerful CHE Super Stallion ; however, three squadrons of the original Sea Stallions still remain.

The primary missions of the Cobra is close air supportforward air controlreconnaissance and armed escort, [18] while the Huey provides airborne command and controlutility support, supporting arms coordination and medical evacuation.

The squadron trains newly designated i. Troop assault is their primary function and the movement of supplies and equipment is secondary. Marine tiltrotor squadrons are new units operating the MV Osprey with their main mission being assault support. The Osprey offers twice the speed, three times the payload, five times the range, and can fly more than twice as high as the helicopters it is replacing. The squadron is a joint Marine Corps and Air Force test and development unit.

The squadron provides new and conversion training to both Marine and Air Force pilots and units in the use and maintenance of the Osprey tiltrotor aircraft that is scheduled to replace the Marine Corps' fleet of CH Sea Knights.

After World War II, the United States Navy decided to combine all of the functions of the scout bombertorpedo bomber and bomber torpedo communities into the Attack designation. Because the STOVL Harrier can operate from amphibious assault shipsexpeditionary airfields and tactical remote landing sites, it provides commanders with more flexibility in providing air support. Each of the four squadrons operates five aircraft and are land-based, although they are capable of landing on board U.

Navy aircraft carriers. It has joined the EAG Growler as the launch platform for the jammer, which is scheduled to enter service in Their primary role is to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft and to attack and destroy surface targets in all weather conditions. Each Hornet squadron operates 12 aircraft, while each FB squadron operates 16 aircraft.

Their primary mission is to attack and destroy surface targetsday or night, under all weather conditions; conduct multi-sensor imagery reconnaissance ; provide supporting arms coordination ; and intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in all weather conditions. VMFAT trains newly designated i. It flies the F-5E Tiger II and provides instruction to active and reserve squadrons through dissimilar adversary combat tactics.

VMR squadrons provide search and rescue support as well as movement of key personnel and critical logistics support around the world. They also provide movement of high priority passengers and cargo during wartime in support of operations and other critical commitments.

They also provide artillery spotting and can assist in search and rescue operations. Sign In Don't have an account? To see Marine Aviation units sorted by command hierarchy, see aviation combat element. Contents [ show ]. United States Marine Corps. Category:United States Marine Corps. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. The White House.

navy aircraft squadrons

United States Government. Retrieved This is a list of all of the active squadrons that exist in the United States Marine Corpssorted by type. Most squadrons have changed names and designations many times over the years, so they are listed by their current designation. The basic tactical and administrative unit of United States Marine Corps aviation is the squadron. Fixed-wing aircraft squadrons heavier than air and tiltrotor squadrons are denoted by the letter "V", which comes from the Spanish verb "volar" to fly.

Naval History and Heritage Command

Rotary wing helicopter squadrons use "H. From toMarine flying squadrons were identified by one digit numbers. This changed on July 1, when all existing squadrons were redesignated to a three-digit system. The first two numbers were supposed to identify the squadrons parent group but with the rapid expansion during World War II and frequent transfer of squadrons this system fell apart.

These were due to be replaced by the VH Kestrel[3] however that program was cancelled in April Their primary role is moving cargo and equipment with the secondary role of transferring troops ashore in an amphibious assault. The squadron trains newly designated i. Marine tiltrotor squadrons are new units operating the MV Osprey with their main mission being assault support. The Osprey offers twice the speed, five times the range, and can fly more than twice as high as the helicopters it is replacing.

Each squadron operates 12 aircraft. The squadron provides new and conversion training to both Marine Corps and Air Force pilots and units in the use and maintenance of the Osprey tiltrotor aircraft. After World War II, the United States Navy decided to combine all of the functions of the scout bombertorpedo bomber and bomber torpedo communities into the Attack designation.

Because the STOVL Harrier can operate from amphibious assault shipsexpeditionary airfields and tactical remote landing sites, it provides commanders with more flexibility in providing air support. Their primary role is to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft and to attack and destroy surface targets in all weather conditions.

Each Hornet squadron operates 12 aircraft, each FB squadron operates 16 aircraft, and each FC squadron will operate 10 aircraft. Their primary mission is to attack and destroy surface targetsday or night, under all weather conditions; conduct multi-sensor imagery reconnaissance ; provide supporting arms coordination ; and intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in all weather conditions.

VMFAT trains newly designated i. It flies the F-5E Tiger II and provides instruction to active and reserve squadrons through dissimilar adversary combat tactics. VMR squadrons provide search and rescue support as well as movement of key personnel and critical logistics support around the world.

They also provide movement of high priority passengers and cargo during wartime in support of operations and other critical commitments. The squadron is a Marine Corps test and development unit.This is a list of United States Navy aircraft squadrons. Deactivated or disestablished squadrons are listed in the List of Inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons. Navy aircraft squadrons are typically composed of several aircraft from as few as two to as many as several dozenthe officers who fly them and the men and women that maintain them.

Most squadrons also have a number of other administrative support personnel. Some of the activities listed are not technically "squadrons", but they all operate U. Navy aircraft in some capacity. Active duty squadrons are typically commanded by a Commander.

The XO typically assumes command of the squadron after approximately 15 months. Within the departments are Divisions each typically headed by a Lieutenant and Branches headed by a Lieutenant, junior grade or a Chief Petty Officer. Reserve squadrons are also commanded by a Commander, with another Commander as the XO who will also assume command after approximately 15 months. However, reserve squadron demographics are typically older and more senior in rank than their active duty squadron counterparts.

Department Heads in reserve squadrons are typically senior Lieutenant Commanders, although some may be recently promoted Commanders.

Where this difference in maturity level becomes more apparent is at the Division Officer level. Since most officers in reserve squadrons previously served on active duty in the Regular Navy in a flying status for eight to ten or more years, they are typically already Lieutenant Commanders, or achieve that rank shortly after transferring to the Navy Reserve.

navy aircraft squadrons

As a result, Lieutenants are a minority and Lieutenants, junior grade, practically non-existent in reserve squadrons. Navy aircraft are classified by Type rotary wing, fixed wingModel e. SHand Series e. Squadrons can be categorized in a number of ways: Active versus Navy Reserve, land-based versus sea-based, fixed wing versus rotary wing helicopter vs Unmanned aerial vehicle UAVand by mission.

An exception to this is that US Navy destroyers and submarines are administratively grouped by "squadrons". Active squadrons are those in the regular US Navy. Reserve squadrons are in the US Navy Reserve and are manned by a combination of full-time and part-time reservists.

For the most part, there is no way to know by the squadron's name alone whether it is an active or reserve squadron. There are Reserve elements of many Active squadrons, and active duty personnel serving in many Reserve squadrons. In general, reserve squadrons share the same missions as their active counterparts, although there are Reserve missions e.

At any one time, the US Navy has approximately aircraft that are associated with particular ships. Navy aircraft squadrons can be properly referred to by three different names. The names can give an indication of the squadron's mission and type of aircraft. Most Navy fixed wing squadron informal names start with the letter "V".

The primary mission of the Growler is Electronic Attack EAalso known as Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses SEAD in support of strike aircraft and ground troops by interrupting enemy electronic activity and obtaining tactical electronic intelligence within the combat area.

Most VAQ squadrons are carrier based, however a number are "expeditionary", deploying to overseas land bases. Transition to the E-2D Hawkeye is in progress and should be complete by The Hawkeye's primary mission is to provide all-weather airborne early warning, airborne battle management and command and control C2 functions for the carrier strike group and Joint Force Commander.

Additional missions include surface surveillance coordination, air interdictionoffensive and defensive counter air control, close air support coordination, time critical strike coordination, search and rescue airborne coordination and communications relay.


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