Religious quantum physicists

Question: "Is belief in God compatible with quantum physics? Not only does quantum mechanics involve higher-level physics, but much of what happens at the quantum level is counterintuitive. That is, it does not follow the same flow of cause and effect we see at larger scales.

Merely expressing what occurs at the quantum level sometimes requires an exceptional grasp of mathematics and physics. The theories of quantum physics help explain why changes in physical objects at nanoscopic scales only occur in discrete amounts, known as quanta, as well as why these objects appear to act as both waves and particles.

Quantum mechanics also shows that, at these tiny distances, cause-and-effect relationships work according to probabilities rather than determined, specific results. Like most other physical theories, quantum physics was developed over many decades through the work of many different scientists.

As models go, however, it is a relatively recent one, having only been accepted by the general scientific community for the past one hundred years or so. In common experience, quantum physics rarely makes a noticeable impact.

List of Christians in science and technology

Part of the difference between classical and quantum physics is that quantum-level interactions occur according to a probability curve, not a well-defined, absolute cause-and-effect response. However, as a system includes more and more interactions, the probability of some extreme result lessens.

Thus, large-scale systems are, in fact, well-defined and absolute and can be predicted with accuracy. Two aspects of quantum physics are often cited when discussing God or religion. The first is the nature of observed cause and effect in quantum-level interactions.

The second common issue relating quantum physics to spirituality is the Many Worlds hypothesis. This stems from the wave-particle duality demonstrated by quantum physics and the necessity for probability rather than an objective, determined system.

Since there are many possible states of a measured system and no objective way to know which ones do or do not exist, some philosophers claim that all of them exist, simultaneously, in parallel universes. Of course, there is no possible physical evidence to support this. The theory persists mostly because it serves to deflect fine-tuning and intelligent design arguments, as well as evidence suggesting a universe of a finite age. John Polkinghorne is an example of this in action, specifically involving quantum physics.

Polkinghorne, a lifelong Christian, is one of the scientists responsible for discovering the sub-nuclear particles known as quarks, a critical part of the quantum model. He retired after twenty-five years teaching at Cambridge in order to become an Anglican priest. His scientific credentials are such that even aggressive anti-theists, such as Richard Dawkins, are at a loss to write off his faith as delusion or confusion.

The scientific method has been an extremely successful way of discovering how God accomplished certain parts of His creative work. Share this page on:. Find Out How to All rights reserved. Privacy Policy This page last updated: May 14, Stephen Barr has been writing about the intersection of science and religious faith for years. A professor in the department of physics and astronomy at University of DelawareBarr is the author of Modern Physics and Ancient Faith. Many of Barrs essays have appeared in the journal First Things.

Now Eerdmans has collected the best essays into a convenient paperback edition. Stephen Barr, professor of physics and author of The Believing Scientist image courtesy of the The book breaks down into several sections: the first taking on the terms of the debate over science and religion.

Terms, according to Barr, a Roman Catholic, that can be misleading. What many take to be a conflict between religion and science is really something else. It is a conflict between religion and materialism. From there, he ranges over evolution, the Big bang, mind and consciousness, reductionism and also myths about the history of science.

Chapter 8 is his highly charged attack on the Intelligent Design movement as 'a debacle'. It is time to take stock: What has the intelligent design movement achieved? As science, nothing. The goal of science is to increase our understanding of the natural world, and there is not a single phenomenon that we understand better today or are likely to understand better in the future through the efforts of ID theorists.

If we are to look for ID achievements, then, it must be in the realm of natural theology. And there, I think, the movement must be judged not only a failure, but a debacle. Very few religious skeptics have been made more open to religious belief because of ID arguments, Barr adds.

But, as befitting a physicist, quantum mechanics takes up a significant share of the book. Does quantum mechanics make it easier to believe in God? Barr's answer: no, not in any direct way. What about the ramifications of quantum mechanics and the controversial interpretations that some physicists have adopted for it? Barr is fine with the classic interpretation, most commonly known as the Copenhagen Interpretationin which the role of the 'observer' in any experiment is crucial.

Indeed, he sees the standard interpretation as a healthy corrective not only to the determinism that once dominated science up through the beginning of the 20th century, but also to materialism. My own opinion is that the traditional Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory still makes the most sense. In two respects it seems quite congenial to the worldview of the biblical religions: It abolishes physical determinism, and it gives a special ontological status to the mind of the human observer.

In contrast, the Many Worlds Interpretation tries to avoid assigning any special ontological status to the observer, Barr writes. While it is fascinating, it fails to convince.

A Physicist Talks God And The Quantum

Because if the mathematics of quantum mechanics is right as most fundamental physicists believehe points out, and if materialism is right, then one is forced to accept the Many Worlds view. In the Many Worlds picture, you exist in a virtually infinite number of versions: in some branches of reality you are reading this article, in others you are asleep in bed, in others you have never been born.

Even proponents of the Many Worlds idea admit that it sounds crazy and strains credulity. Also noteworthy are two tough reviews of books by Richard Dawkins, whom Barr takes to task among other things, for being sloppy about his science. He attempts an elementary combinatoric calculation and gets it wrong. He discusses a well-known quantum phenomenon in terms that are incorrect. One should be used to this sort of thing from Dawkins, I suppose.

In his previous book he showed that he did not know the difference between a cosmic ray and a gamma ray. The Einstein myth is part of the larger Romantic myth of the genius as rebel: Beethoven shaking his fist at the heavens.

Fortunately, science is not much affected by this idiocy. Partly, this is because experimental data serves as a reality principle. Partly it is because science is so technical that the b. It seems that the humanities are not in so fortunate a condition.It was, however, a belated celebration: Teleportation has been around as a serious theory for 25 years and has been a reality in the lab for On the other hand, one might argue the celebration was premature.

If one defines teleportation as the transfer of an object from one place to another without crossing intervening space what Scotty does when Jim Kirk is in troublethen what the Chinese performed was not teleportation.

The object, a photon, was not transferred, but information about the object—its quantum footprint, so to speak—was. While Star Trek fans might be disappointed, scientists, technology companies, and the intelligence community are thrilled. An action performed on the first particle instantaneously affects its partner particle, regardless of the distance between them in space or, as Einstein taught us to say, spacetime.

Entanglement is weird, and though scientists have come to accept and exploit it, they do not pretend to understand it.

religious quantum physicists

There is a connectedness in the universe that defies explanation. A change in a subatomic particle on this side of the galaxy will instantaneously make a difference in an entangled particle on the other side.

This is not science fiction. It is science fact. Subatomic particles are not the only things that are entangled in our universe. So are we. We are entangled with one another and even with creation—something we are only now discovering but which Paul asserted to be true in Romans 8. God designed humanity this way from the beginning. It is part of what makes us great. We are entangled with people we do not know, from places we have never been, at times we have not existed, in the deep past and in the unknown future.

The entire human race can be conceived as one large, interconnected thing, stretching across space and time. If we could see what God sees when he looks at humanity, we would not only see a hundred billion or so disconnected individuals but a human race that is more like a massive body with a hundred billion parts. In both cases, the theories are useful without being complete. This is one reason an analogy like this—and it is only an analogy, not a source of evidence—is helpful.

A Theology Lesson from Quantum Physics

It reminds us that theories can be useful, even when we know them to be incomplete. Because of the God-designed capacity for human entanglement, the choices of two men—the two Adams—has affected all humanity. The first Adam tripped and we fell.

The second Adam died and we live.

religious quantum physicists

He trips, and I fall? How is that fair? Clearly, it is not. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!This is a list of Christians in science and technology. People in this list should have their Christianity as relevant to their notable activities or public life, and who have publicly identified themselves as Christians or as of a Christian denomination.

According to Years of Nobel Prizes a review of Nobel prizes award between and reveals that From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article.

religious quantum physicists

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. See also: List of medieval European scientistsByzantine scienceand Scientific revolution. Further information: List of parson-naturalists. Like Gauss, the Bernoullis would convince both sets of fathers and sons to study mathematics. One of his strongest convictions thenceforward was that 'Love abideth, though Knowledge vanish away.

Retrieved 13 October Encyclopedia of Saints. Aristotle's Physics and Its Medieval Varieties. State University of New York Press. The Friar and the Cipher. Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 15 January Geschichte der Biologie. Geschichte der Botanik. Catholic Encyclopedia. In Cusack, Carole M. Religion and Retributive Logic. Leiden: Brill.

Archived from the original on Retrieved Rice University.Quantum mysticism is a set of metaphysical beliefs and associated practices that seek to relate consciousnessintelligence, spirituality, or mystical worldviews to the ideas of quantum mechanics and its interpretations. Moore, according to whom these two interests quantum physics and Hindu mysticism were "strangely dissociated". In Eugene Wigner wrote a paper, titled "Remarks on the mind—body question", suggesting that a conscious observer played a fundamental role in quantum mechanics, [13] [14] : 93 a part of the von Neumann—Wigner interpretation.

While his paper would serve as inspiration for later mystical works by others, [13] Wigner's ideas were primarily philosophical and are not considered "in the same ballpark" as the mysticism that would follow.

In the early s New Age culture began to incorporate ideas from quantum physics, beginning with books by Arthur KoestlerLawrence LeShanand others which suggested that purported parapsychological phenomena could be explained by quantum mechanics. In contrast to the mysticism of the early twentieth century, today quantum mysticism typically refers to its New Age incarnation that claims to combine ancient mysticism with quantum mechanics.

An example of such misuse is New Age guru Deepak Chopra 's "quantum theory" that aging is caused by the mind, expounded in his books Quantum Healing and Ageless Body, Timeless Mind It was produced by the Ramtha School of Enlightenment which was founded by J.

Knighta channeler who said that her teachings were based on a discourse with a 35,year-old disembodied entity named Ramtha. I love that in quantum physics for some reason it's become an excuse to mock all of science. See it's nothing real, nothing true and whatever you think, that's how the world is.

So if you think positively you remake the world positively according to this pseudo scientist explanation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Science and Nonbelief. New York: Greenwood Press. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. New York: Routledge. Philosophy of Science and the Occult. SUNY Press. Retrieved 22 July Behind the Lost Symbol. Penguin Group US. University of Chicago Press. January Skeptical Inquirer.

religious quantum physicists

Scientific American. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Physics Today. Bibcode : PhT Boston: Shambhala Publications. The Dancing Wu Li Masters. American Scientist. Prometheus Books. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 August ThePremium offers ad free access to all TheSportster content and so much more. For best Experience with our website. Kindly use Google Chrome instead of opera mini browser. Here we are using Poasson distribution to calculate percents for all tree possible outcomes.

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Quantum Physics Describes God's Omnipresence

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Product Market Competition Shocks, Firm Performance, and Forced CEO Turnover The Timimg amd Method of Paymemt im Mergers whem Acquirers Are Fimamcially Comstraimed Identifying Information Asymmetry in Securities Markets googletag. An index futures contract binds the parties to an agreed value for the underlying index at a specified future date. Fair Value of an Index Future Although index futures are closely correlated to the underlying index, they are not identical.

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The index futures price must equal the underlying index value only at expiration. At any other time, the futures contract has a fair value relative to the index, which reflects the expected dividends forgone (a deduction from the index value) and the financing cost for the difference between the initial margin and the principal amount of the contract (an addition) between the trade date and expiration.

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